Changes in the Pattern (Wazan) Of The Rajaz Bahar Contained in the Idātu Al-Dujunnah Text

  • Yanti Apriliyanti Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
  • Asep Sopian Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
Keywords: Bahar rajaz, ilm arudh, pattern change, wazan


The Idhaatu Al Dujunnah Manuscript is a copy of which is stored in the Indonesian National Library. Written by Sheikh Ahmad Fakir Al Makkari and copied by Ahmad Aceh. This manuscript is in the form of Nadzom or verses of poetry with one pattern, namely Bahar Rajaz. The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in wazan bahar rajaz in the Nadzam verses in the Idaatu ​​Al-Dujunnah manuscript using the Ilm Arudhi approach. The method used in this study is qualitative and described descriptively. The results of this study indicate that changes in the shape of the pattern in the verses of poetry (nadzom) with wazan bahar rajaz in the Idhaatu Al Dujunnah Manuscript are contained in three elements, namely in terms of arudh, dharab and haswu. Changes occurred variedly in each verse of poetry which was dominated by zihaf khaban, ilat qatha, zihaf qatha, and zihaf syakal at the end of the arudhi stanza. Changes can be seen after the verses of the poem are taqthi (cut off) following the rules of Ilm Arudhi.