The Implementation of Learning from Home policy through Online Learning as a Substitute for School Lockdown during the Covid-19 Crisis in Indonesia

  • Asep Kurniawan Institut Agama Islam Negeri Syekh Nurjati Cirebon


This article aims to describe the appropriateness of online learning policy, the success of its application, and the obstacles to its application in junior secondary schools in Indonesia. This article is a policy study with a combination method of concurrent embedded strategy. The data were collected in 18 districts and nine cities in West Java Indonesia, in March 2020 with 2000 respondents and a standard error of 5%. Data collection techniques were carried out using survey and interviews. Quantitative data were analyzed using the MS Excel Pivoting Program, while qualitative data were analyzed using the NVivo 11+ software. The data validity was tested by using triangulation of methods and sources. This study used Pearson correlation and word frequency to test the document credibility. The study found that the formulation of online learning policies in junior high schools is considered to be properly formulated, while the implementation of the policies seems to be less adequate. Three barriers were identified in the implementation of online learning policy, economic, technological, and pedagogical. This article suggests the importance of strengthening economic, technological and pedagogical aspects in online learning through the integration of policy, implementation and evaluation.